**Solid Fuels Combustion and Gasification, Modeling, Simulation, and Equipment Operation. By Marcio Luiz de Souza-Santos,**2004, pdf, Language: English, Pages: 462, ISBN10 Code: 0824709713, ISBN13 Code: 9780824709716, (12.1 MB)

Bridging the gap between theory and
application,

**Solid Fuels Combustion and Gasification**demonstrates the operational mechanisms, modeling, and simulation of equipment for the combustion and gasification of solid fuels.**Solid Fuels Combustion and Gasification**clearly illustrates procedures to improve and optimize the design of future units and the operation of existing industrial systems with recommendations and guidelines from a seasoned professional in the field.

Supplies an abundance of examples,
models, and exercises for step-by-step instruction on the modeling and
simulation of combustion and gasification machinery.

Features of

**Solid Fuels Combustion and Gasification:**- Clearly displays methods to build computer simulation programs that will effectively predict equipment performance
- Offers methods to formulate sound mathematical models for boilers, gasifiers, furnaces, and incinerators
- Shows how to interpret simulation results for the best design and operation of combustion and gasification equipment
- Describes key aspects of solid and gas combustion phenomena
- Provides detailed discussions of the basic and auxiliary equations used in specific projection models
- Includes applications of moving and fluidized beds

__Contents__**Basic Remarks on Modeling and Simulation**

- Experiment and Simulation
- A Classification for Mathematical Models

**Solid Fuels**

- Physical Properties
- Chemical Properties
- Thermal Treatment
- Gasification and Combustion

**Equipment and Processes**

- Elements of Gas-Solid Systems
- Moving Bed
- Fluidized Bed
- Suspension or Pneumatic Transport
- Some Aspects Related to Fuels

**Basic Calculations**

- Computation of Some Basic Parameters
- Tips on Calculations
- Observations

**Zero-Dimensional Models**

- Basic Equations
- Species Balance and Exiting Composition
- Useful Relations
- Summary for 0D-S Model
- Flame Temperature

**Introduction to One-Dimensional, Steady-State Models**

- Definitions
- Fundamental Equations
- Final Comments

**Moving-Bed Combustion and Gasification Model**

- The Model

**Chemical Reactions**

- Homogeneous/Heterogeneous Reactions
- Numbering of Chemical Components
- A System of Chemical Reactions
- Stoichiometry
- Kinetics
- Final Notes

**Heterogeneous Reactions**

- General Form of the Problem
- Generalized Treatment
- Other Heterogeneous Reactions

**Drying and Devolatilization**

- Drying
- Devolatilization

**Auxiliary Equations and Basic Calculations**

- Total Production Rates
- Thiele Modulus
- Diffusivities
- Reactivity
- Core Dimensions
- Heat and Mass Transfer Coefficients
- Energy-Related Parameters
- A Few Immediate Applications
- Pressure Losses

**Moving-Bed Simulation Program and Results**

- From Modeling to Simulation Program
- Samples of Results

**Fluidized-Bed Combustion and Gasification Model**

- The Mathematical Model
- Boundary Conditions

**Fluidization Dynamics**

- Splitting of Gas Injected into a Bed
- Bubble Characteristics and Behavior
- Circulation of Solid Particles
- Entrainment and Elutriation
- Particle Size Distribution
- Recycling of Particles
- Segregation
- Areas and Volumes at Freeboard Section
- Mass and Volume Fractions of Solids

**Auxiliary Parameters Related to Fluidized-Bed Processes**

- Mass Transfers
- Heat Transfers
- Parameters Related to Reaction Rates

**Fluidized-Bed Simulation Program and Results**

- The Block Diagram
- Samples of Results

**Appendices**

- The Fundamental Equations of Transport Phenomena
- Notes on Thermodynamics
- Possible Improvements on Modeling Heterogeneous Reactions
- Improvements on Various Aspects
- Basics of Turbulent Flow
- Classifications of Modeling for Bubbling Fluidized-Bed EquipmentBasic Techniques of Kinetics Determination.

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